# Titanium

## Titanium Alloys 6AL-4V (6-4), CP (Commercially Pure), 6AL-2SN-4ZR-2MO (6-2-4-2) Sheet, Plate, Bar

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California Metal & Supply is a leading supplier of quality 6AL-4V Titanium (6-4), CP (Commercially Pure), and 6AL-2SN-4ZR-2MO (6-2-4-2).

**TITANIUM:** A chemical element with low density and is a strong, lustrous, corrosion-resistant transition metal with a silver color. Titanium is a performance metal, first utilized by the aerospace industry for its high strength-to-weight ratio, corrosion resistance and durability. In the 1950s, the titanium metal industry was established primarily in response to the emerging aerospace industry, which used it in the manufacture of airframe structural components and skin, aircraft hydraulic systems, air engine components, rockets, missiles, and spacecraft, where these properties are invaluable.

**Alloyed & Unalloyed Titanium**

Titanium can be alloyed with iron, aluminum, vanadium, molybdenum, among other elements, to produce strong lightweight alloys for aerospace (jet engines, missiles, and spacecraft), military, industrial process (chemicals and petro-chemicals). Titanium alloys are metallic materials which contain a mixture of titanium and other chemical elements. There are the unalloyed or CP (Commercially Pure) grades of titanium. In its unalloyed condition, titanium is as strong as some steels, but 45% lighter. The most widely used of this Cp titanium are classified as Grades 1 thru 4, 7, 11, and 12. The higher the grade numbers, the higher the strength. The first four titanium grades allow for increasing levels of impurities. Palladium is added to titanium Grades 7 and 11, at about 0.2%, to improve its corrosion resistance.

**Titanium & Commercially Pure Titanium: 6AL-4V (6-4), CP (Commercially Pure), 6AL-2SN-4ZR-2M0 (6-2-4-2)**

Titanium Alloys Specifications: UNS R56400, Grade 5 alloy, UNS R50550, Titanium Alloy Commercially Pure, Unalloyed Commercially Pure (CP) Titanium, UNS R54620 Titanium Alloys Available Forms: Titanium 6AL-4V Sheet, Titanium 6AL-4V Bar, Titanium 6AL-4V Plate, Titanium CP Sheet, Titanium CP Bar, Titanium CP Plate, Titanium 6AL-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo Sheet, Titanium 6AL-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo Bar, Titanium 6AL-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo Plate.

We supply a variety of commercially pure grades and titanium alloys in sheets, plates, bars and tubing in various specifications. These include titanium sheets and commercially pure sheets, titanium plates and commercially pure plates, titanium bars and commercially pure bars, and titanium tubing and commercially pure tubing.

**Titanium Sheet, Titanium Plate: 6AL-4V, CP (COMMERCIALLY PURE), 6-2-4-2, 6-6-2**

- 1) 6AL-4V, TITANIUM GRADE 5: AMS 4911, MIL-T-9046 AB-1, MIL-T-9046 Type 1 Comp C, AMS-T-9046 0.012″ to up, 36″ x 96″

=> Domestic 6AL-4V sheets special. Call now for details. - 2) 6AL-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo: AMS 4919, MIL-T-9046 AB-4, MIL-T-9046 Type 3 Comp G, AMS-T-9046
- 3) CP TITANIUM GRADE 1: AMS 4901, MIL-T-9046 CP-4
- 4) CP TITANIUM GRADE 2: AMS 4902, MIL-T-9046 CP-3, MIL-T-9046 Type 1 Comp A, AMS-T-9046, 0.016″ to up, 36″ x 96″
- 5) CP TITANIUM GRADE 3: AMS 4900, MIL-T-9046 CP-2, MIL-T-9046 Type 1 Comp C, AMS-T-9046, 0.012″ to up, 36″ x 96″
- 6) CP TITANIUM GRADE 4: AMS 4901, MIL-T-9046 CP-1, MIL-T-9046 Type 1 Comp B, AMS-T-9046, 0.012″ to up, 36″ x 96″
- 7) CP TITANIUM GRADE 7: UNS 52400, Un-alloyed Titanium with Palladium ASME SB-381, ASME SB-348, ASME SB-265, ASME SB-377, ASME SB-338
- 8) 6AL-6V-2Sn: AMS4918, MIL-T9046 AB-3, MIL-T-9046 Type 3 Comp E

**Titanium Bar/ Titanium Rod/ Titanium Round Bar: 6AL-4V, CP (COMMERCIALLY PURE)**

- 1) 6AL-4V BAR: AMS4928, AMS 4967, MIL-T-9047, 0.063″ Dia to 6.00 Dia
- 2) CP GRADE BAR: MIL-T-9047, 0.125″ Dia to 6.00″ Dia

**Titanium Tubing: 6AL-4V, CP (COMMERCIALLY PURE)
6AL-4V TUBING, CP GRADE TUBING**

- 1) Seamless Tubing: O.D. 1/8″ to 1-1/2″, 2) Welded Tubing: O.D. 1/2″ to 2″

Other sizes are available on request.

6AL-4V Tubing: AMS 4911

CP Tubing: STM-08-301, BMS 7-21, MIL-T-9046, AMS 4941, AMS 4942, AMS 4902

**Titanium Tubing 3AL-2.5V
3AL-2.5V Tubing: PWA 1260, GEB50TF35, DMS 2241, BMS 7-234**

**Titanium Pipe: Titanium Seamless Pipe and Titanium Welded Pipe**

1) Seamless Pipe: Available in 1/8″ through 6″ nominal pipe size (NPS)

2) Welded Pipe: Comes in 3/4″ to 24″ NPS

Commercially Pure : Type 1

1) Commercially Pure Titanium: ASTM B265, ASTM B337, ASTM B338, ASTM B348 ASTM B381, ASTM F67 (GRADES 1,2,3 & 4), AMS 4900, AMS 4901, AMS 4902, AMS 4940, AMS 4941, AMS 4942, MIL-T-9046, UNS R50400

**Alpha Alloys: Type 2**

1) 5Al-2.5Sn: ASTM B265, ASTM B348, ASTM B381 (Grade 6) AMS 4910, AMS 4924, AMS 4926, AMS 4966, MIL-T-9046, MIL-T-9047, Composition A

2) 5AL-2.5Sn ELI

3) 8Al-1Mo-1V: AMS 4915, AMS 4916, AMS 4972, AMS 4973, MIL-T-9046, MIL-T-9047

4) 6Al-2Cb-1Ta-.8Mo

5) 0.3Mo-0.8Ni: ASTM B265, ASTM B337, ASTM B338, ASTM B348, ASTM B381 (Grade 12)

### Grades

Sheet & Plate Specifications

Bar & Billet Specifications

Forging Specifications

Extrusion Specifications

5Al-2.5Sn

Grade 6 AMS 4910

ASME SB-265

MIL-T9046

MIL-T9046 AMS 4926

AMS 4924

AMS 4956

AMS 4976

ASME SB-348

MIL-T-9047 AMS 4924 AMS 4966
ASME SB-381
MIL-F-83142A
MIL-T-9046
MIL-T-9047 MIL-T-81556

5Al-2.5Sn ELI AMS 4909

MIL-T-9046J A-2

MIL-T9046Ty2 Comp. B

AMS 4924

MIL-T-9047 G

AMS 4924

MIL-F-83142A Comp. 2

MIL-T-81556A A-2

5Al-5Zr 5Sn MIL-F-83142A Comp. 4

8Al-1Mo-1V MIL-T-9046

AMS 4915

AMS 4916 MIL-T-9047 AMS

4972 AMS 4973 AMS 4973
MIL-F-83142A Comp. 5 AMS 4933

MIL-T-81556

### Alpha-Beta Alloys: Type 3

1) 6Al-4V: ASTM B265, ASTM B348, ASTM B381, ASTM F467, ASTM F468 (GRADE 5) AMS 4906 AMS 4911, AMS 4920, AMS 4928, AMS 4935, AMS 4963, MIL-T-9046, MIL-T-9047, UNS 56400

2) 6Al-4V Eli (Extra Low Interstitial): ASTM F136, AMS 4907, AMS 4930, AMS 4931, AMS 4956, MIL-T-9046, MIL-T-9047

3) 6Al-6V-2Sn: AMS 4918, AMS 4936, AMS 4937, AMS 4971, AMS 4978, AMS 4979, MIL-T-9046, MIL-T-9047, UNS 56620

4) 6Al-4Sn-4Zr-2Mo: AMS 4919, AMS 4967, AMS 4975

5) 6Al-4V SPL

6) 3Al-2.5V: ASTM B265, ASTM B337, ASTM B338, ASTM B348, ASTM B381 (Grade 9) AMS 4943, AMS 4944, AMS 4945, MIL-T-9046, MIL-T-9047

7) 6Al-2Sn-4Zr-6Mo: AMS 4981, MIL-T-9047, UNS 56260

8) 5Al-2Sn-4Mo-2Zr-4Cr: AMS 4995, C50TF44, C50TF57, C40TF62

Ti-5Al-2Sn-4Mo-2Zr-4Cr (Ti-17) / Ti-5Al-2Sn-2Zr-4Cr-4Mo/ UNS R58650 Ti-5Al-2Sn-4Mo-2Zr-4Cr is known as Ti-17 alloy and is a beta-rich material for large aerospace components. 5Al-2Sn-4Mo-2Zr-4Cr is an advanced engine alloy, creep and oxidation resistant. Ti-17 is a near beta, high strength alloy used primarily for gas turbine applications. Ti-5Al-2Sn-4Mo-2Zr-4Cr (Ti-17) is a high-strength, deep hardenable, forging alloy that was developed primarily for gas turbine engine components, such as disks for fan and compressor stages. Ti-17 has strength properties superior to those of Ti-6Al-4V, and also exhibits higher creep resistance at intermediate temperatures.

9) 10V-2Fe-3Al: AMS 4983, AMS 4984, AMS 4986, AMS 4987

10) 6Al-2Zr-2Sn-2Mo-2Cr-0.25Si: AMS 4898

11) 7Al-4Mo: AMS 4970, AMS 6915, MIL-T-9047

12) 4.5Al-3V-2Mo-2F: AMS 4964

13) 8MN: AMS 4908

### Beta Alloys: Type 4

1) 13Al-11Cr-3Al: AMS 4917, AMS 4959

2) 11.5Mo-6Zr-4.5Sn (Beta III)

3) 3Al-8V-6Cr-4Mo-4Zr (Beta C): AMS 4939, AMS 4957, AMS 4958, MIL-T-9046, MIL-T-9047, UNS 58460

3Al-8V-6Cr-4Mo-4Zr / 3Al-8V-6Cr-4Mo-4Zr (Beta C)/ Ti-3-8-6-4-4/ Ti Beta-C
UNS # 58460
Ti-3-8-6-4-4 is a heat-treatable, deep section hardenable, very high strength Ti alloy possessing good toughness/strength properties, low elastic modulus and elevated resistance to stress and localized corrosion in high temperature sweet and sour brines.
The properties of Beta C or 3Al-8V-6Cr-4Mo-4Zr with UNS 58460 have led to its use in a number of niche applications, including parts of aircraft landing gear and in fasteners used in the automotive industry. Beta C is also used in oilfield applications such as pressure housings, shafts, valves and other critical components where very high strength and excellent corrosion resistance are required.

4) 15V-3Cr-3Al-3Sn: AMS 4914, AMS 4922

5) 3Al-8V-6Cr-4Zr-4Mo: AMS 4939, AMS 4957, AMS 4958, MIL-T-9046, MIL-T-9047

6) 15Mo-3Nb-3Al-0.2Si: ASTM GRADE 21

### Other Specification

BAC 5439: Ultrasonic Specification for Multiple Grades and Alloys, Plate, Bar

BAC 5613: Multiple Grades and Alloys, Titanium, Various Condition

BSS 7055: Ultrasonic Specification for Multiple Grades and Alloys, Plate, Bar

### Properties of Titanium

Atomic Number 22

Heat of Vaporization 9.83MJ/kg

Atomic Weight 47.9

Machinability Rating 40

Atomic Volume 10.6W/D

Magnetic Susceptibility 1.25×10-6 / 3.17 emu/g

Boiling Point 3260 Degrees C/5900 Degrees F

Melting Point 1668 Degrees C + 10 Degrees C (3035 Degrees F + 18 Degrees F)

Coefficient of friction 0.8 at 40 m/min (125 ft/min) / 0.68 at 300 m/min (1000 ft/min)

Modulus of Elasticity 14.9 x 106psi

Coefficient of thermal expansion 22

Atomic Number 8.64 x 10-6 Degrees C

Poisson’s Ratio 0.41

Color Dark Grey

Solidus/Liquidus 1725 Degrees C/ (3137 Degrees F)

Covalent Radius 1.32 A

Specific Gravity 4.5

Density 4.51 gm/cm3 (0.163 lb/in3)

Specific Heat (at 25oC) 0.518 J/kg Degrees K, (0.124 BTU/lb Degrees F)

Electrical Conductivity 3% IACS (copper 100%)

Specific resistance 554 µohm-cm

Electrical Resistivity 47.8 µohm-cm

Tensile Strength 35 ksi min

Electronegativity 1.5 Pauling’s

Thermo-Conductivity 9.0 BTU/hr ft2 Degrees F

First Ionization Energy 158 k-cal/g-mole

Thermal Neutron Absorption Cross Section 5.6 barnes/atom

Hardness HRB 70 to 74

Young’s Modulus of Elasticity 116 x 106 lbf/in2, 102.7 GPA

Heat of Fusion 440 kJ/kg (est.)

### Tech Properties of Titanium

GRADE Yield Strength min Ultimate Tensile Strength min Elongation min.

REF NO. KSI Mpa KSI Mpa %

Grade 1 25 170 35 240 24

Grade 2 40 275 50 345 20

Grade 3 55 380 65 450 18

Grade 4 70 485 80 550 15

Ti 2% Pd (Gr.7) 40 275 50 345 20

Grade 12 50 345 70 483 18

Ti-6AL-4V 120 830 130 895 10

Ti-4AL-4Mo-1.5Sn 125 850 170 1160 10

Ti-10-2-3 160 1100 180 1250 8

Ti-15-3 160 1100 185 1280 10

Ti-6-2-4-2 120 830 160 1100 10

Ti-6-2-4-6 140 970 190 1300 10

### Mechanical Properties of Titanium

Alloy Specifications UTS (psi) YS (psi) El (%) RA (%)

min. min. min. min.

CP-1 ASTM B265 / B348 Grade 1 35,000 25,000 24 30

CP-2 ASTM B265 / B348 Grade 2 50,000 40,000 20 30

CP-3 ASTM B265 / B348 Grade 3 65,000 55,000 18 30

CP-4 ASTM B265 / B348 Grade 4 80,000 70,000 15 25

Ti 6Al-4V ASTM B265 / B348 Grade 5 130,000 120,000 10 25

Ti 6Al-4V ELI ASTM B265 / B348 Grade 23 120,000 110,000 10 25

Ti-Pd ASTM B265 / B348 Grade 7 50,000 40,000 20 30

TiCode 12 ASTM B265 / B348 Grade 12 70,000 50,000 18 25